Archbishop Alypy (Gamanovich). Grammar of the church slavonic language

Alypy (Gamanovich) arch. Grammar of the church slavonic languageAlypy (Gamanovich) arch. Grammar of the church slavonic language /Archbishop Alypy (Gamanovich); [Translated from the Russian by Archpriest John Shaw]. – Holy Trinity Monastery – Jordanville – N.Y, 2001 – 437 с.

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Contents

Introduction 5
ETYMOLOGY 22
Concerning the Characters and Signs Used in Church Slavonic 22
§1. The Slavonic Alphabet 22
§2. The Use and Pronunciation of the Letters 23
§3. Signs Written Above the Letters 27
§4. Pronunciation Marks 31
§5. How Numbers are Represented in Slavonic 32
§6. Instructions for Reading in Church 33
The Sounds of Church Slavonic 34
§7. The Division of Sounds 34
§8. How Consonants Combine With Vowels 37
§9. Capitalization 40
§10. Vowel Alternations 41
Changes in Consonants: 45
§11. The Softening of Consonants 45
§12. Changes of Consonants in Combinations 48
§13. Eliminations of Consonants 49
§14. Sound Patterns in Slavonic 50
§15-17. Word Structure 50
§18. Words Classified by Meaning 52
§19. The Forms of Words 53
PARTS OF SPEECH 54
The Noun [§20-44] 54
§24-31. The Formation of Nouns 55
§32. The Gender of Nouns 65
§33. The Declension of Nouns 67
§34. Models of the 1st Declension 68
§35. Notes on the Cases 69
§36. Orthographical Peculiarities of the Cases 72
§37-38. Peculiarities of the 1st Declension 72
§39. The 2nd Declension 76
§40. Peculiarities of the 2nd Declension 78
§41. The 3rd Declension 79
§42. The 4th Declension 80
§43. Models of the 4th Declension 82
§44. Peculiarities of the 4th Declension 85
Pronouns [§45-48] 88
§46. The Formation of Pronouns 90
§47-48. The Declension of Pronouns 92
The Adjective [§49-60] 106
§50-52. Formation of Adjectives 107
§53. Declension of Adjectives 111
§54. Concerning the Vocative Case of Adjectives 113
§54-56. Differences of Declension between Nouns and Short Adjectives 113
§57. The Declension of Full Adjectives 115
§58-59. Formation of the Degrees of Comparison 118
§60. Declension of Short Comparative Adjectives 124
Numerals [§61-70] 127
§62. The Declension of Simple Quantitative Numerals 128
§63. Formation of Compound Numerals 132
§64. Declension of Compound Quantitative Numerals 133
§65. Numerals used with Nouns 138
§66. Peculiarities in the Use of Compound Numbers with Nouns 139
§67. Exceptions in the Use of Nouns with Numerals 141
§68. Formations and Declension of Ordinals 142
§69. Collective Numerals 144
§70. Multiple and Fractional Numerals 146
Verbs [§71-104] 149
§71. The Verb in General 149
§72. Transitive and Intransitive Verbs 151
§73. Voices of the Verb 153
§74-77. Aspects of the Verb 156
§78. Moods of the Tenses 159
The Conjugation of Verbs [§79-93] 161
§79-81. General Information 161
The Indicative Mood [§82-90] 169
§82-83. Present Indicative 169
The Future Tense [§84-85] 172
The Past Tenses [§86-89] 174
§86. The Aorist 174
§87. The Imperfect (Transient) 177
§88. The Perfect (Completed Past) 183
§89. The Pluperfect (Distant Past) 184
§90. The Descriptive (Periphrastic) Form of Tenses 185
§91. The Subjunctive Mood 187
§92. The Optative Mood 189
§93. The Imperative Mood 190
§94. The Participle 194
§95-97. Active Present Participles 195
§98. Declension of the Active Participles 200
§99-100. Passive Participles 204
§101. Passive Forms of the Verb 206
§102. Passive Forms of the Tenses and Moods 207
§103. The Verbs of Archaic Conjugation 209
§104. Verbs Having Irregular Forms 211
The Adverb [§105-109] 225
§105. Adverbs in General 225
§106. Adverbs Formed from Various Declension Cases 225
§107. Adverbs from Pronoun Stems 228
§108. Adverbs Categorized by Meaning 230
§109. The Orthography of Adverbs 233
Prepositions [§110-112] 234
§111. Peculiarities in the Use of Prepositions 236
§112. Prepositions as Prefixes 237
Conjunctions [§113-116] 239
§114. Types of Conjunctions According to their Use 240
§116. Peculiarities in the Meaning of Certain Conjunctions 242
Interjections [§117] 246
SYNTAX 248
§119. The Sentence 248
§120. Forms of Combination in a Sentence 249
§121. Combination of Words 250
The Simple Sentence 250
§122. The Subject 250
§123. The Predicate 254
§124. The Composite Nominal Predicate 256
§125. The Nominal Part of the Composite Predicate 259
§126. The Composite Verbal Predicate 260
§127. The Compound Predicate 262
§128. Agreement of the Predicate with the Subject 262
§129. Agreement of the Predicate with Several Subjects 264
§130. Attributes 267
§131. Apposition 272
§132. The Object 272
§133. Verb Objects 274
§134. Objects of Nouns and Adjectives 275
Peculiarities in the Use of the Cases to Express an Object (§135-140) 276
§141-142. Adjuncts [Circumstance]: Adverbial Modifiers 288
§143. The Use of the Infinitive 292
§144. Isolated Parts of the Sentence 307
§145. Circumstantial Attributes 308
§146. Circumstantial Participles 309
§147. Pleonastic Expressions 312
§148. Word Order in the Sentence 314
§149-150. The Postion of the Attribute in the Sentence 315
Use of the Negations «не» and «ни» [§151-152] 319
§153. Address 324
The Use of Tenses [§154-169] 326
§154. The Present Tense 326
§155. The Future Tense 327
§156. The Aorist 328
§157. The Imperfect (Past Continuous) 329
§158-159. The Perfect (Past Complete) 335
§160. Concerning the Forms быхъ, бЬхъ, бяхъ 341
§161. The Pluperfect (Distant Past) 342
§162. The Future Perfect (Preceding Future) 346
§163. The Descriptive (Periphrastic) Form of the Tenses 346
§164. Passive Forms 348
§165. The Present Tense and the Imperfect 349
§166. The Aorist 349
§167. The Perfect 350
§168. The Pluperfect 351
§169. The Future Tense, Subjunctive Mood, and the Imperative 352
§170. The Church Slavonic Article and Its Use 352
§171-172. The Use of the Short and Long Forms of Adjectives and Participles 355
The Main Sentence Types [§173-175] 366
§173. Types of Sentences According to the Nature of the Utterance 366
§174. Incomplete Sentences 367
§175. One-part Sentences 367
§176. Sentence Members of the Same Kind 371
The Compound Sentence [§177-203] 373
§177. General Observations on Compound Sentences 373
§178. Compound [Coordinate] Sentences 374
§179. Copulative Coordination 374
§180. Adversative Coordination 378
§181. Disjunctive Coordination 379
§182. Causative Coordination 379
§183. The Complex Sentence 380
§184. Subordinate Subject Clauses 381
§185. Subordinate Predicative Clauses 383
§186. Subordinate Adjectival [Attributive] Clauses 384
§187. Subordinate Clauses of Complement 385
§188. Subordinate Clauses of Time 387
§189. Subordinate Clauses of Place 389
§190. Subordinate Clauses of Reason 390
§191. Subordinate Clauses of Purpose 391
§192. Subordinate Clauses of Result 392
§193. Subordinate Clauses of Manner 393
§194. Subordinate Clauses of Condition 394
§195. Subordinate Clauses of Concession 395
§196. Short Subordinate Clauses 396
§197. The Dative Absolute 401
§198. Compound-Complex Sentences 405
§199. The Period 407
§200-202. Punctuation Marks in the Compound Sentence 409
§203. Direct and Indirect Discourse 414
APPENDIX 417
The Structure of Liturgical Chants 417
CHRESTOMATHY: The Book of Acts, Chapters 1-3 424
A List of Books Cited 430
Bibliography 430
Contents 434

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